"The following principles are what all Shito-Ryu practitioners strive to master. Although it is an endless task...."
RAKKA (Flower Falling Down)
Concept of striking at the base of a tree with such tremendous force to knock the flowers (blossoms) off the branches. Hard blocking applying sudden maximum power with a twisting action executed to literally stop the opponent's attack and destroy his confidence.
RYUSU (Flowing Water-like Movement or Fluid Motion)
Concept of soft blocking or absorbing the attack and re-directing it using circular or deflecting blocks or parrys, in a fluid movement.
TENI (Taisabaki-like Body Movement )
Concept of shifting or turning away from opponent's attack or avoiding his attack by applying evasive body movement.
KUSHIN (Bending or Springing Action Originating in Knees)
Concept of an immediate shifting of stance from one type to another (e.g.- Moto dachi/Neko-ashi dachi/Moto dachi) or a reflexive darting away then returning back immediately type of body shifting from any angle.
HANGEKI (Counter Attack or "Go No Sen")
Concept of generating a powerful attacking action as an effective counter defense (e.g.- Tsuki Uke or Wa Uke).
Photographs of Iwata Sensei and Murayama Sensei taken from Seikan Karate-do Magazine. Tokyo, Japan. Vol. 257 - December 1995.
Photographs of Iwata Sensei and Nakayama Sensei taken from Seikan Karate-do Magazine. Tokyo, Japan. Vol. 305 - July 1998.
Sells John. Shito-ryu Karate, Okinawa's Not So Hidden Secret: Karate Magazine Article.
Mabuni Kenei/Nakahashi Hidetoshi. Karate-do Shito-ryu. Paris, France: SEDIREP, 1989.
Moledzki Sam. Personal Data Archives.